Linear C to Greek: pa-si-le-u-se to pi-lo-ke-re-wo

· Linear C Lexicon

LinC words
pa-si-le-u-se | pi-la-ko | pi-lo-ke-re-wo |

Greek words
βασιλεύς | φῐλήκο’ος | φῐλήκως | † φίλοκρέων |

pa-si-le-u-se | βασιλεύς (basileus) (attested) | a chief, a commander, a king
ICS 217

pi-la-ko | φῐλήκο’ος (pileko’os) | fond of hearing discourse
pi-la-ko | φῐλήκως (pilekos) | fondly hearing discourse

  • φίλος (pilos, philos) | fondness for, love for
  • ἀκοή (akoe) | a thing heard

ICS 122
pi-la-ko is incised on a chalice.

pi-lo-ke-re-wo | † φίλοκρέων (philokreon) | † meat lover

    • pi-lo | φῐλο- (philo-) | fond of, the love / lover of
    • ke-re-wo | κρέω(ν) (kreon) | meat; the larder
    • ke-re-wo | κρέω(ν) (kreon) | lord, master, ruler

ICS 427
While κρέων “lord, master” has an oblique etymological relationship to “larder”, Philokreon “fond of the lord” does not make Greek sense. Typically paired in names that include philo are virtues (e.g. φιλόκρατες (philokrates) “fond of power”) or things (e.g. φίλιππος (philippos) “fond of horses”) but not other people. Therefore, pi-lo-ke-re-wo makes poetic sense when paired with se-la-mi-ni-o-si > Σαλαμῑνιος (Salaminios) “of Salamis”. Cf. It. salami (from PIE *sal- “salt”), a class of Mediterranean sausages. In context, Philokreon may have been a sausage vendor who managed to advertise at Karnak.

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