Toponyms A

Toponyms in Linear A (線文字A, Γραμμικη Α) Texts

Maritime trade was critical to the prosperity of the Minoan civilization, which was known as a thalassocracy for its supremacy on the seas. Minoan objects have been found in Anatolia, Egypt, Greece, Mesopotamia, and Spain. Therefore, it should not be surprising that the LinA texts, especially from Haghia Triada (HT), include references to numerous Minoan-trade destinations throughout the Mediterranean Sea and beyond.

On such tablets, toponyms are often accompanied by ki.ro. For example, HT 55, 88, 94, and 117 list destinations on itineraries, whereas HT 93 and 123+124 list both destinations and commodities on manifests.  Identification of these toponyms can provide valuable insight about Minoan and other bronze-aged civilizations. These references are likely to challenge understanding about ancient geography and may provide the earliest references to important trading centers throughout Africa, Asia Minor, and Europe.

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INDEX

LinA words
a.ri.suda.ne.ku.ti | de.di | ]di.ra.di.na | di.re.di.na | di.ri.na | ja.qif | ki.da.ro | ko.sa.[i].tiku.re.ju | ma.di | pa.ta.ne | pi.sa | qe.ku.re | qe.ri.ja | si.di.ja | u.di.mi | u.su |

Greek words
κατάνη | Κατάνη | Κόρκῡρα | Σύμη |

Japanese words (Hiragana)
しじや |

Japanese words (Kanji)
出路 | 仮屋 | 氏見 |  |

Japanese words (Katakana)
アーリス | ジリナ | キダル | クレージュ | カタネ | カリヤ | ピサ | † ウシーミ |

Japanese words (Romaji)
aarisu | † daneguchi | deji | jaki | jirina | † jirejinai | kakure | kariya | kidaru | kureeju | pisa | shijiya | † ushiimi | usu |

⇐⇔⇒

Toponyms (alternate names possible)
Acireale (Sicily, Italy) | Arles (France) | Catania (Sicily, Italy) | Corcyra (Greece) | Corfu (Greece) | Corrèze (France) | Courreges (France) | Dej (Romania) | Kerkyra (Greece) | Kidal (Mali) | Madi (Iran) | Pisa (Italy) | Qal’ya (Israel) | Symi (Greece) | Wadi Ash Shidiya (Jordan) | Ušu (or Tyre) (Lebanon) | Zile (Turkey) | Zilina (Slovakia) |

Europe: the Danube

Toponyms by country
France:  Arles | Corrèze | Courreges |
Greece:
*Corfu * Corcyra * Kerkyra * Symi |
Iran: Madi
Israel: Qal’ya |
Italy:  Pisa |
*Sicily: Acireale | Catania |
Lebanon: Ušu (or Tyre) |
Slovakia: Zilina |
Jordan: Wadi Ash Shidiya |
Mali: Kidal |
Romania: Dej |
Turkey: Zile |

⇐⇔⇒

LinA Tablets

HT 98
HT 117 (in progress)

PH 1

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