Colors in Linear B Texts

· Linear B Lexicon

INDEX

LinB words
e-re-u-ti-ja | e-ru-ta-ra | ka-na-ko | ka-pi-ni-ja | ko-ro-ki-ja | o-ta-re-wo | po-ni-ki-jo | po-pu-ri.jo | po-ro-ko | re-u-ka | ro-u-si-jo |

Greek words
†ἐρευθία | ἐρευθιάω | ἐρυθρή | καπνία | κνακός | κνηκός | κροκίας | λευκά | ὄστρειον | ὄστρειος | ὄστρεον | ὀστρεώ- | φοινίκεος | φοινίκιος | φόρκος | πορφυρέω | πορφυρίζω | ῥουσίζω | ῥούσιος | χνηχός |

Words by Color
Black: ka-pi-ni-ja |
Gray: po-ro-ko |
Purple: o-ta-re-wo | po-ni-ki-jo | po-pu-ri.jo |
Red: e-re-u-ti-ja | e-ru-ta-ra | po-ni-ki-jo | ro-u-si-jo |
White: ka-na-ko | re-u-ka |
Yellow: ko-ro-ki-ja |



e-re-u-ti-ja | †ἐρευθία (ereutia) | †red
e-re-u-ti-ja | ἐρευθιά(ω) (ereutiao) | to be red
KN Gg 405 (Scribe 140)
KN Od 714, 715, 716 (Scribe 103)
02.23.15


e-ru-ta-ra | ἐρυθρή (eruthre) | red, ruddy  (attested)
Mycenae (Scribe 57, 58a), Pylos (esp. PY An 654) (Scribes 1, 21, 31, 32)
12.21.13


ka-na-ko | κνακό(ς) (knakos) | tawny white, Carthamus tinctoria
ka-na-ko | κνηκό(ς) (knekos) | tawny white, Carthamus tinctoria
ka-na-ko | χνηχό(ς) (khnekhos) | tawny white, Carthamus tinctoria  (attested)
MY Ge 602, 603+, 605+, 606+ (Scribes 57, 58a)
See also re-u-ka.
10.17.14


ka-pi-ni-ja | καπνία (kapnia) (mg) | lampblack, soot
PY Vn 46+ (Scribe Cii)
10.19.14


ko-ro-ki-ja | κροκία(ς) (krokias) | †saffron colored
PY Aa 354 (Scribe 1)
PY Ab 372 (Scribe 21)
The definition of ko-ro-ki-ja as “saffron colored” is surmised from κροκήιος (krokeios) “saffron colored” and κροκίας (krokias) “saffron-colored stone”; pu-ro ko-ro-ki-ja > πυρό κροκία (puro krokia) “saffron-colored wheat” [PY Ab 372].
12.30.13


o-ta-re-wo | ὄστρειο(ν) (ostreion) | oyster; purple pigment
o-ta-re-wo | ὄστρειο(ς) (ostreios) | purple
o-ta-re-wo | ὄ(σ)τρεο(ν) (ostreon) | oyster; purple pigment
o-ta-re-wo | ὀ(σ)τρεώ- (ostreo) | oyster
KN E 1035+ (Scribe unknown)
The process for extracting purple dye from oysters appears to be unknown, but it is said that this dye is not as colorfast as that obtained from the murex. Note that ὄστρεον appears to refer to both the oyster and the shell; ὀστεο- (osteo-) “bone” is prob. derived from ὀστρεώ-. Cf. ὀστάριον (ostarion) “a small bone”. o-ta-re-wo / a-ma appears to refer to either purple flax, as supported by the grain (GRA) ideogram, or to linen that is to be dyed oyster purple. Note that a-ma is a LinA word in a LinB context; cf. 亜麻 ama “jute, linen”, which includes the determinative 麻 ma “flax, linseed; hemp”.
09.07.15


po-ni-ki-jo | φοινίκεο(ς) (poinikeos) | crimson, purple red
po-ni-ki-jo | φοινίκιο(ς) (poinikios) | crimson, purple red
Knossos (Scribes 136, 137)
09.07.15


po-pu-ri.jo | πο(ρ)φυρέω (porphureo) | to dye red, to grow red
po-pu-ri.jo | πο(ρ)φυρίζω (porphurizo) | to be purplish
KN L 758 (Scribe unknown)
In context, po-pu-ri.jo appears to refer to Tyrian purple, which Stieglitz [1994] believes originated with the Minoans.
02.24.15


po-ro-ko | φόρκο(ς) (porkos) | gray, white
po-ro-ko | Φόρκο(ς) (porkos) or (porkus) | Phorcys, a sea-god, son of Pontus and Gaia
Pylos (Scribes 1, 21)
Phorcys was also the father of monsters such as the Gorgon and the Graiae. Cf. gray.
10.19.14


re-u-ka | λευκά (leuka) | white
KN L 471 (Scribe 211)
Mycenae (Scribes 57, 58a)
See also ka-na-ko.
10.22.14


ro-u-si-jo | ῥουσίζω (rousizo) | to be reddish
ro-u-si-jo | ῥούσιο(ς) (rousios) | reddish
Pylos (Scribes 2, 3, 42, Ci, Cii)
Cf. L. russeus.  
10.30.14

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