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HT 117 (HT Scribe 9)

  • キダル (kidaru) | Kidal

[Kidal, Mali]

Isolated in northwestern Mali, Kidal is known not for its mining but for its handicrafts: gold and silver jewelry, leather goods, and swords, particularly Tuareg cutlasses and sabers. An interesting parallel between the Tuareg takouba and some Minoan swords is the practice of covering parts with thin sheets of gold or of replacing the iron of certain parts with other materials. Among the Tuareg, this practice is due to a cultural aversion to touching iron, while, among the Minoans, the practice may purely have been decorative. A person who is interested in the history of swordmaking may wish to make comparisons among the swords of the Tuaregs, the Minoans, and the Japanese.


  1. The Greek Age of Bronze: Swords/Daggers. Ret. on 16 Oct 2011.
  2. Kidal. Experience Ret. on 16 Oct 2011.
  3. Takoba. Wikipedia. org. Ret. on 16 Oct 2011.

Entry added on 21 Dec 2011.[i].ti

HT 117 (HT Scribe 9)

† 越す相手 (kos’aite) | friendship across the ocean
交際相手 (kousai-aite) | a person with whom one has a relationship

  • 交際 (kousai) | (1) an acquaintance, an association, a friendship
  • 越す (kosu) | to come and go, to go across,
  • コス (kosu) | Kos
  • 相手  (aite) | a companion
  • αιτας | a beloved youth, a favorite

[Kos, Greece]

Kos, a small island in the south-Sporades group of the Dodacanese, lies about four km from the coastal region of ancient Caria and 560 km (347 miles) from Crete. The Carians, who were the first to inhabit the island from the second millennium BCE, established a temple to Asclepius, the god of medicine. Hippocrates, the father of medicine, was born on this island. It is believed that the Minoans succeeded the Carians around 1400 BCE, which approximately coincides with the late-date hypothesis regarding the eruption of Santorini and the destruction of Minoan Crete. However, as the Minoan name suggests, there perhaps existed an alliance between the Carians and the Minoans before the latter began to occupy the island. appears to be a crasis of 越す kosu “to go across”+ 相手 aite or αιτας “an association, a favored companion”, a reference to an alliance or friendship across the ocean.  Eventually, kosu would become the name of the island, and would be reanalyzed as  交際相手 kousai-aite “a person with whom one has a relationship”.  Note that kousai and aite are synonyms.  See a.i-te [PY Un 1321].

Note that aite also means other party or opponent, in the context, perhaps, of a friendly boxing (or karate) match. (See also The Minoan Origin of Karate.) Kos is known for its obsidian as well as its silk manufacture, which Rodney Castleden [1990:11] believes began after the collapse of the Minoan civilization.

Moreover, the native cos (Romaine) lettuce is named for this island and is associated with the Egyptian fertility god, Minu (Min), because the lettuce secretes a milky, white juice that resembles semen.



Entry added on 21 Dec 2011.
Updated on 24 Jan 2012 * 24 Jun 2017

HT 117 (HT Scribe 9)

          • クレージュ (kureeju) | Courreges [Corrèze]

Courreges (Corrèze) [France]

Corrèze is a mineral-rich department in the Limousin region of France.. The region may well have been an important source of minerals for the Minoans. The industrial and artistic uses of stones and minerals in Minoan Crete began as early as the pre-palatial period. It is believed that the Minoans learned their early techniques from the Egyptians. During this early period, the Cretans worked with alabaster, schist, serpentine, stalagmite, and steatite (soapstone). Jewelry incorporated Cretan-mined amethyst and carnelian. During the proto-palatial period, seals comprised semi-precious stones such as hematite; during the neo-palatial period, vessels comprised rock crystal. Moreover, the Minoans used minerals or metallic oxides to achieve the mural colors that have endured for over 3,500 years.


Entry added on 21 Dec 2011.
Updated on 28 Aug 2016

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