Toponyms in Linear A Texts: ja.qif

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HT 28 (HT Scribe 13)

  • 邪気 (jake, jaki, zake) | maliciousnous, noxious gas
  • 邪鬼 (jake, jaki, zake) | devil, evil spirit, imp
  • ᾿Ιακή (Iake) (fem. form of Ἰακός) | Ionic
  • τζάκι (tzaki) | fireplace, furnace

[Aci, Sicily]

Locally shortened to Aci or Jaci, Jaciriali (Acireale) is located near the Ionian Sea at the foot of volcanic Mt. Etna in the Catania province of Sicily. Under the Byzantines, Acireale was known as Jachium. Note that ᾿Ιακή is the feminine form of Ἰακός “Ionic”, and reale means “original, true”; therefore, Acireale suggests that the “true Ionians” originated on the Ionic coast of Sicily. The collateral definitions, “noxious gas” and “furnace”, refer to the numerous gas vents that surround Mt. Etna, the activity of which has been documented since 1500 BCE. Acireale is known for its churches, which include St. Peter’s Basilica.


  1. Acireale. Ret. on 12 Nov 2011.
  2. Mt. Etna Volcanic Activity. Ret. on 12 Nov 2011

Entry added on 01 May 2015

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