he | へ (he)
he | 瓮 (he) | a vessel for holding alcoholic beverages
THE ZB 6 (THE Scribe unknown)
This earthenware vessel may have been among the first to hold beer, which is endemic to Egyptian culture. Cf. alt. ki [KE Zb 3].
ja.qif | じゃけ (jake) * じゃき (jaki) * ざけ (zake)
ja.qif | 邪気 (jaki) | maliciousness; noxious gas
ja.qif | 邪鬼 (jaki) | devil, evil spirit, imp
ja.qif | ᾿Ιακή (Iake) (fem. form of Ἰακός) | Ionic
ja.qif | τζάκι (tzaki) | fireplace, furnace
HT 28 (HT Scribe 13) (Toponym)
Locally shortened to Aci or Jaci, Jaciriali (Acireale) is located near the Ionian Sea at the foot of volcanic Mt. Etna in the Catania province of Sicily. (See also pa.ta.ne.) Under the Byzantines, Acireale was known as Jachium. Note that ᾿Ιακή is the feminine form of Ἰακός “Ionic”, and reale means “original, true”; therefore, Acireale suggests that the “true Ionians” originated on the Ionic coast of Sicily. The collateral definitions, “noxious gas” and “furnace”, refer to the numerous gas vents that surround Mt. Etna, the activity of which has been documented since 1500 BCE. Acireale is known for its churches, which include St. Peter’s Basilica.
- ha | 白 | white
- shi | 巳 | serpent, snake
- ro | 呂 | backbone, hermitage
PH Wc 39 (PH Scribe unknown)
This roundel has a seal impression of a triton shell. Henshall [Kanji #56] states that, in ancient times, snakes and insects were treated alike, so that 虫 mushi is a crawling “insect” with a carapace rather than a shell, prob. from shi 巳 “snake”-like snail with mu 巾 “cover, protection”. Cf. 巳 shi with AB *058 SU. 巾 appears to have been reanalyzed as 中 chu “inside, middle”, an alternate name for “insect”. In ja.di.ro, however, the notion of protection is expressed in 呂 ro “backbone, spine”.