The Decipherment of Linear B: PY Ta 641

· Linear B Decipherments
Source > The Pylos Tablets: Texts of the Inscriptions found 1939-1954, ed. Emmett L. Bennett, Jr., Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1955, pg.66.

PY Ta 641

The Tripod Tablet

An inventory of vessels and contents
Scribe 2

Note the determinatives–tripods and vases–at the end of each line and the numerical correspondences of their projections to certain preceding words in each line.  For example, compare ti-ri-o-we with the vase with three projections.

.1a   ke-re-a2 *201 VAS[     [See the superscript at the end of the first line.]
.1b  ti-ri-po-de , a3-ke-u , ke-re-si-jo , we-ke   *201VAS 2 ti-ri-po , e-me , po-de , o-wo-we *201VAS 1 ti-ri-po , ke-re-si-jo , we-ke , a-pu , ke-ka-u-me-no[
.2  qe-to *203VAS 3 di-pa , me-zo-e , qe-to-ro-we *202VAS 1 di-pa-e , me-zo-e , ti-ri-o-we-e *202VAS 2 di-pa , me-wi-jo , qe-to-ro-we *202VAS 1 [
.3  di-pa , me-wi-jo , ti-ri-jo-we *202VAS 1 di-pa , me-wi-jo , a-no-we *202VAS 1

  1. a.i-ke-u | this word is perhaps related to αἰκία | injurius, insulting treatment || see o-wo-we
  2. a-no-we | ενος (enos) | last year’s, †one-year
  3. a-pu | ἀφύ(ω) (aphuo) | to become bleached or white; †to be erased
  4. di-pa | διφά(ω) (diphao) | to inspect, †inspection
  5. di-pa-e | †διφάι (diphai) | to inspect, †inspection [plural]
  6. e-me | ἁμᾷ (hama) | together, with
  7. ke-ka-u-me-no[ | κεκαρμένο(ς) (kekarmenos) | has been burned; has been cut, has been lost, has been wasted
  8. ke-re-i.ja  | κεραία (keraia) | (1) horn, (2) any little mark or projection at the top of a thing
  9. ke-re-si-jo | χαραξέω(ς) (kharakseos) | an engraving, an incision
  10. me-wi-jo | μαιο(ν) (maion) | a kind of cummin
  11. me-zo-e | †μαζοι | barley [plural; used once in singular context on line .2]
  12. o-wo-we | this word is perhaps related to ἀάω (aao) | damage, hurt || see a3-ke-u
  13. po-de | πόδα (poda) | foot
  14. qe-to | χατο(ς) (khatos) | lack, loss, want
  15. qe-to-ro-we |  †κατορος (katoros) | †four-year
  16. ti-ri-jo-we | †τριος (trios) | †three-year
  17. ti-ri-o-we-e | †τριοσι (triosi)  | †three-year [plural]
  18. ti-ri-po | τρίπο(ς) (tripos) | tripod
  19. ti-ri-po-de | τρίποδα(ς) (tripodas)| with three feet; tripod
  20. we-ke | εχε (ekhe) | (1) to bring, to bear, to carry; (2) has

.1a    κεραία  *201VAS[     [See the superscript at the end of the first line.]

  •     keraia

1b  τρίποδα (αἰκία) χαραξέω εχε *201VAS 2 τρίπο ἁμᾷ πόδα (ἀάω) *201VAS 1 τρίπο χαραξέω εχε ἀφύ κεκαρμένο | χατο |

  • tripod has (injured) engraving *201VAS 2 | tripod with (damaged) foot *201VAS 1   |  tripod engraving has been | lost | through erasure

.2  χατο  *203VAS 3  |  †διφα †μαζο(ι) †κατορος *202VAS 1 | †διφάι †μαζοι †τριοσι *202VAS 2  |  διφα μαιο †κατορος *202VAS 1 [

  • loss *203VAS 3   |   inspection of the †four-year barley *202VAS [with four keraia] = 1  |  inspection of the †three-year barley *202VAS [with three keraia] = 2  |  inspection of the †four-year cummin *202VAS [with four keraia] = 1 |

.3   διφά μαιο †τριος *202VAS 1 | †διφάι μαιο ενος *202VAS 1

  • inspection of the †three-year cummin  *202VAS [with three keraia] = 1  |  inspection of the †one-year cummin  *202VAS [with no keraia] = 1

Notes:  ke-re-a2 may refer to the vase-rim projections, which scholars believe are handles. I believe that, given their lack of survival, these are annual markers that comprise perishable material such as clay or wood. These markers would indicate the number of years that each commodity has been stored, perhaps not to exceed four years.  Note, also, that barley and cummin are often paired in recipes.

Log ins are not required to post comments. However, since your words may be quoted in scholarly articles, this forum requires that professional names be used to post comments. Please click "Edit/Change" to include credentials after your name. For example, you may say "Mary A. Smith: Harvard University, Associate Professor of Geography" or "John Jones: Independent Scholar, Historical Linguistics" or "Independent Scholar, General." Moreover, to promote scholarly excellence, this forum reserves the right to edit for clarity. Clear writing complements clear thinking.

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: