Japanese words (Hiragana)
Japanese words (Katakana)
pa.i.to | φαῖ(σ)το(ς) (phaistos) | bright, shining
pa.i.to | Φαῖ(σ)το(ς) (Phaestos) (attested)
HT 97 (HT Scribe 7)
HT 120 (HT Scribe 6)
LA pa.i.to and LB pa-i-to are universally believed to refer to Phaestos, the second largest palace center after Knossos; however, in the context of the LB sheep tablets, pa-i-to may simply refer to clean or disease-free animals. LB Scribe 117 is responsible for approximately 66% of approximately 50 entries at Knossos.
pa.ta.ne | パタネ (patane)
pa.ta.ne | パタネ (patane) | unknown name
pa.ta.ne | カタネ (katane) | Catana, Katane
pa.ta.ne | κατάνη (katane) | the skinning place
pa.ta.ne | Κατάνη (Katane) | Catania, Sicily
HT 94, 122 (HT Scribe 9) (Toponym)
HT We 1019 (HT Scribe unknown)
The surname, Patanè, is specific to Patané, a district of Acireale in the Sicilian province of Catana (Catania), which is situated on the Ionian Sea coast. (See also ja.qif.) Perhaps Κατάνη “the skinning place” is an Ionic adaptation of Patanè; not only is Sicily famous for its leather goods, but the highest concentration of tanners appears to be in modern Catania. While katáne is said to be a Sicilian word, it seems more likely that the Sicilian patanè experienced a phonetic shift when the province was Hellenized around 729 BCE, following the invasion by the Ionian-Greek colonists from adjacent Naxos [Sacks 2005:78]. This phonetic shift sometimes occurs between the Attic Π (pi) and the Ionic Κ (kappa), in words such as ποῖος / κοῖος “who?” and πῶς / κῶς “how?”.