Linear B to Greek: ka-ru-ka to ka-so

· Linear B Lexicon


LinB words
ka-ru-ka | ka-ru-ke | ka-so |

Greek words
καρῡκη | χασο | χέζω |

ka-ru-ka | καρῡκη (karuke) | a rich sauce comprising blood and spices
KHv Z 1 (Scribe unknown)
KHv is a vessel that likely held this sauce.
See alt. ka-ru-ke.

ka-ru-ke | καρῡκη (karuke) | a rich sauce comprising blood and spices
Pylos (Scribes 2, 15)
Liddell & Scott indicate that this sauce was invented by the Lydians. Cf. the Japanese karukemishu (Carcamish).  As a military and commercial center, Carcamish was the site of many battles. Jeremiah 46 (KJV) refers to the defeat of Egypt at Carcamish. Cf. esp. 46:9- 10:

 “Come up, ye horses; and rage, ye chariots; and let the mighty men come forth: the Ethiopians and the Libyans that handle the shield and the Lydians that handle and bend the bow.

“For this is the day of the Lord God of hosts, a day of vengeance, that he may avenge him of his adversaries: and the sword shall devour, and it shall be satiate and be made drunk with their blood: for the Lord God of hosts hath a sacrifice in the north country by the river Euphrates.”

Cf. also –mishu with 水 mizu, which may refer to any liquid, such as water (eg. Euphrates River) or animal fluid (e.g. blood).
See alt. ka-ru-ka.

ka-so | χασο (khazo) | loss, waste; *detritus
ka-so | χέζω (kheso) | to find ease, to go to stool
KN V 684 (Scribe 140)
PY Cn 599 (Scribe 21)
The verb, χέζω, and related words, refer to the act of purging, especially in defecation. χασο, however, survives in modern Greek in words that pertain to loss and waste. Cf. χάση (khase) | loss, ruin, waste. While “waste” may apply to the intentional act of defecation, “loss” can apply to the unintentional act of losing possessions. Cf. ka-so ke-ma-ta (KN V 684) | the loss of things on the ground; detritus, especially during war.

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