- 高 (daka, taka) “(1) expensive, (2) high
HT Wc 1001, 1002, 1003, 1004 (Scribe 50)
HT Wc 1005 (Scribe 51)
MA Wc 5 (Scribe unknown) [missing]
Cf. also dake, take 嵩, which is derived from the notion of accumulation: “(1) bulk, quantity, volume; (2) peak, summit; (3) to swell”.
高 surname (Taka) (O’Neill #1163) (IJN)
嵩 surname (Dake, Take) (O’Neill #2207) (IJN)
- da.ne | prob. from PIE *dānu | river
- ku.ti | 口 (kuchi) | (1) entrance, exit; door, gate; (2) mouth, opening (i.e. beginning); (3) †gateway, passage
HT 117 (HT Scribe 9) (Toponym)
Witzel [2005:93] states that “[it] is well known that place names, especially names of (larger) rivers, are very conservative. Even today they may reflect languages spoken many thousands of years ago.” His examples include the Danube, from L. Danubius < PIE *dānu. (river). Cf. also the Eridanus (Gr. Ἠριδανός) in Italy. Kuchi (guchi) is a common Japanese suffix that is appended to river names. Ancient writers provide information about how the Danube delta has changed throughout history. While –ku.ti “gate” (i.e. mouth) is plausible, it is doubtful that the Minoans ended their journeys there. Dayton [1971: 60] states that the Danube and tributaries “constitute the shortest and easiest highway between Europe and the Near East. . . .” The Danube begins in Germany and passes though 10 countries before it enters the Black Sea on the Romanian coast. Among its principal ports are Belgrade, Budapest, and Vienna. McDonald [1967:378] confirms that “trade goods [have] emerged far inland in eastern and central Europe, generally north of the Danube and stretching from Hungary to Czechoslovakia.” Consequently, -ku.ti “gate” is more plausibly interpreted as the “gateway” (i.e. passage) to Europe.
da.qe.ra | だから (dakara)
da.qe.ra | だから (dakara) | then, therefore
HT 6 (Scribe 16)
da.qe.ra appears as a heading in a possible conditional complement; cf. da.ta.ra > だから dattara “if (it is the case)”. Note the /k/ and /t/ alternation, which may be compared to the similar Ionic alternation of /κ/ and /τ/. HT 6 is inscribed by both 16 and 17, but line a.6 is inscribed by 16.
da.ta.ra | だったら (dattara)
da.ta.ra | だったら (dattara) | if (it is the case)
HT 6 (Scribe 16)
da.ta.ra appears to be part of a possible conditional complement; cf. da.qe.ra > だから dakara “then, therefore”. Note the /t/ and /k/ alternation, which may be compared to the similar Ionic alternation of /τ/ and /κ/. HT 6 is inscribed by both 16 and 17, but line a.1-2 is inscribed by 16.
- de | 出 (de) | to exit, to leave; to come in, to go out
- di | 路 (ji) | path, road, route
de.di | デジ (deji) | Dej [Romania]
HT 94 (HT Scribe 9) (Toponym)
Located in northwestern Romania, modern Dej lies at the confluence of the Somesul Mare and Somesul Mic rivers and at the crossroads of important highways. The Romans are known to have mined the salt in the area. While the area’s significance to the bronze-aged Minoans is not clear, the surname, 出路 Deji, underscores Dej’s importance as a major commercial crossroad.
- di.re | ジレ (jire) | Zile, Turkey
- di.na | 寺内 (jinai) | inside a temple
HT 98, (HT Scribe unknown) (Toponym)
PH 1 (PH Scribe unknown)
Evidence suggests that Zile, located in north-central Turkey, has been inhabited since the neolithic age. Among Zile’s alternate names are Zela and Silla, which mean respected. According to Strabo, Zile was founded by the Assyrian queen, Semiramis, in the ninth-century BCE. Moreover, historians indicate that, by the end of the fourth-century BCE, Zile belonged to the ancient temple state of Pontus under Persian rule, which lasted for about 200 years. The Zela castle, which was built by Roman commander Lucius Cornelius Sulla, perhaps during the first-century BCE, houses the Amanos temple. Despite the historical record, the Minoan record seems to indicate that Zile’s temple history predates the city’s “founding” by 600 or more years.
di.ri.na | ジリナ (jirina) | Zilina [Slovakia]
HT 93, 102 (HT Scribe 5) (Toponym)
Situated at the confluence of the Vah and the Kysuca rivers in northwestern Slovakia, Zilina has been inhabited since the Stone Age; however, nothing is known about its history before the fifth century CE. The Vah River is a tributary of the Danube in southern Slovakia. See also da.ne.ku.ti.
du.pu2.re | דִּבְּר֥וּ (dburh) | Deborah, a prophetess of Israel
du.pu2.re | でえびる (deebiru) (Uchina’aguchi) | thank you
PK Za 8, 15 (Scribes unknown)
du.pu2.re is found in a.di.ki.te.te.*307.pu2.re [PK Za 8] and ja.di.ki.te.te.du.pu2.re[ [PK Za 15], and in the variation, du.pu3.re [KO Za 1]. As mentioned in the Bible, dburh or Deborah, as prophetess [Judges 4 and 5 KJV] and ruler of ancient Israel, was known as the “Queen Bee” < דבר dabar “speech”, which may be compared with the buzzing of bees; her priestesses were also known as Deborahs. Cf. the Minoan Bee Goddess, whose descendants included Cybele, Demeter, and Rhea, the Melissae, from μέλισσα Melissa (Attic μέλιττα Melitta) “a bee”. The Okinawan でえびる deebiru “thank you” appears to be a reanalysis of the vocative “Deborah”; cf. the vocative Elohe “God” with hello and aloha “hello, good bye”. See da-pu2-ri-to-jo