Linear B to Greek: ke-e to ke-ma-ta

· Linear B Lexicon

INDEX

LinB words
ke-e | ke-e-pe | ke-ka-u-me-no[ | ke-ki | ke-ma-ta |

Greek words
*καμήτα | κεκαρμένος | κηκίς |  χαμάδα | χέε |

Latin words
caepa | caepe | __________________________________________________________________________________________

ke-e | χέε (khee) | to gush, to pour
Pylos (Scribes 4, 23)
Inflke-ki
10.20.14


ke-e-pe | L. caepa | onion
ke-e-pe | L. caepe | onion
MY Ge 604 (Scribe 58a)
= κάπια (kapia)
10.20.14


ke-ka-u-me-no[ | κεκαρμένο(ς) (kekarmenos) | has been burned; has been cut, *has been lost, has been wasted
PY Ta 641 (Scribe 2)
The shift from /u/ to /ρ/ can be explained by the tendency to roll the tongue when pronouncing open, back vowels such as /a/ or /u/. Cf. “warsh” for “wash”.  Due to the substitution of /ρ/ for /u/, L&S 2nd includes κεκαρμένος as the perf. passive of κείρω “to cut, to shear”.  However, L&S 7th overlooks κεκαρμένος but includes κέκαυμαι as the perf. passive of καίω “to burn”. Given the phonetic similarity of the roots and the /ρ/ parallel, it is likely that κείρω is an extended definition of καίω.
01.27.14 * 10.12.14


ke-ki | κηκί(ς) (kekis) | anything that flows or gushes
PY An 192+ (Scribe 22); Jn 692, 725+ (Scribe 2)
In context, this may refer to a spring.
Infl. χέε
05.26.14


ke-ma-ta | *καμήτα (kameta) | *detritus, litter

  • ke-ma-ta | χαμάδα (khamada) | windfall (mg)
  • ke-ma | χαμα(ί) (khamai) | on the ground
  • ke-ma | καμή (kame) | on the ground

KN V 684 (Scribe 140)
χαμάδα is a modern-Greek word. Adverbs include χαμάδις (khamadis) or χαμᾶζε (khamaze) | on the ground, to the ground.
02.12.14

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