Linear B to Greek: ku-pi-ri-jo to ku-ru-so

· Linear B Lexicon


LinA words |

LinB words
ku-pi-ri-jo | | ku-ru-me-no-jo | ku-ru-so |

Greek words
κύπριος | Κύπριος | κύριος | †κυρυμενοιο | χρυσός |

Japanese Kanji

Japanese Romaji
kuruma |

ku-pi-ri-jo | κύπριο(ς) (kuprios) | of copper
ku-pi-ri-jo | Κύπριο(ς) (Kuprios) | of Cyprus, Cyprian
Knossos (Scribes 135, 141, 222, 224, unknown)
Pylos (Scribes 1, 6)
ku-pi-ri-jo / ma-ro-ne > κύπριο / μᾶρον (maron) refers to the use of a copper still in the production of sage essential oil [KN Fh 5246+].

ku-ru-me-no-jo | † κυρυμενοιο (kurumenoio) [genitive] †of wheel(s) || from LinA | 車 (kuruma) | chariot, wheel
PY An 654 (Scribe 1)
In context, ku-ru-me-no-jo appears to be related to the LinA [HT 115], which is found in the Japanese kuruma “chariot, wheel” and the Latin carrum (or currum) “chariot”.  Note that the Latin currum is the source for ideogram *140 CUR “wheel-less chariot”.  Cf. the Greek ῥεῦμα (hreuma) “that which flows” and ῥῦμα (hruma) “that which is drawn”, which is related to ῥύμη (hrume) “the force, rush, or swing of a body in motion” or “a violent attack or charge” of soldiers.  See ku-ru-me-no-jo o-ka “a riding of a wheel (chariot)” [PY An 654].
12.30.13 | κύριο(ς) (kurios or kyrios) | having authority over, having power over
= κύρα (kura or kyra)
KN As 603+ (Scribe 103)  IPN
PY Ea 814 (Scribe 43)
TH Fq 120 (Scribe 120)
Both κύριος and κύρα are likely derived from ku.ra < > 繰る(kuru) “to count”.  The Japanese kura (倉 or 庫) “cellar, granary, magazine, storehouse, treasury, warehouse” suggests κύρα as the manager of the same.  Cf. the manager of the οἶκος “house”, from which is derived economy.  In context, is likely a curator “guardian, manager, overseer” [KN As 603+].  See also syn. se-to-i-ja.  Finally, note that the tablets from Pylos and Thebes are dated to LH IIIB.

ku-ru-so | χρυσό(ς) (khrusos) | gold
KN K 872 (Scribe 102)
PY Ta 714, 716 (Scribe 2)
pa-sa-ro  ku-ru-so appears to refer to gold or gold-plated rivets on weapon handles [Py Ta 716].
09.21.14 * 11.07.14

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