Linear B to Greek: pa-i-to to pa-ke-te-ri-ja

· Linear B Lexicon

INDEX

LinB words
pa-i-to | pa-ka-na | pa-ke-te-ri-ja |

Greek words
σφάκτρια | σφάγνος | φαῖστος | Φαῖστος | φάσγανον



pa-i-to | φαῖ(σ)το(ς) (phaistos) | bright, shining
pa-i-to | Φαῖ(σ)το(ς) (Phaestos) (attested)
Knossos (Scribes 103, 117, 128, 130, 132, 136, 210, unknown)
LA pa.i.to and LB pa-i-to are universally believed to refer to Phaestos, the second largest palace center after Knossos; however, in the context of the LB sheep tablets, pa-i-to may simply refer to clean or disease-free animals. LB Scribe 117 is responsible for approximately 66% of approximately 50 entries at Knossos.
10.08.14


pa-ka-na | †φάκανα for (σ)φάγνο(ς) (sphagnos) | sword
pa-ka-na | †φάκανα for φά(σ)γανο(ν) (phasganon) | †a knife, a sacrificial knife; a sword
KN Ra 1540, 1541, 1548, 1550, 1551 (Scribe 126)
φάσγανον is probably a metathesis of σφάγνος “sword”.  Cf. σφαγίς (sphagis) “sacrificial knife” from σφάζω (sphazo) “to slaughter, to slay by cutting the throat”. Cf. also esophagus from φάγος (phagos) “glutton”. Early evidence for σφάγνος and σφαγίς may be found in sa-pa-ke-ti-ri-ja [KN C 941+] > σφάκτρια (sphaktria) “a priestess”, the feminine form of σφάκτης (sphaktes) “slayer” as “sacrificer”. pa-ka-na may further be related to the alt. pa-ke-te-ri-ja [MY Wt 506] for sa-pa-ke-ti-ri-ja.
09.17.14


pa-ke-te-ri-ja | σφάκτρια (sphaktria) | a priestess
MY Wt 506 (Scribe 65)
pa-ke-te-ri-ja appears to be the feminine form of σφάκτης (sphaktes) “slayer” as “sacrificer”.  See alt. sa-pa-ke-ti-ri-ja;  see also pa-ka-na.
02.09.17

Log ins are not required to post comments. However, since your words may be quoted in scholarly articles, this forum requires that professional names be used to post comments. Please click "Edit/Change" to include credentials after your name. For example, you may say "Mary A. Smith: Harvard University, Associate Professor of Geography" or "John Jones: Independent Scholar, Historical Linguistics" or "Independent Scholar, General." Moreover, to promote scholarly excellence, this forum reserves the right to edit for clarity. Clear writing complements clear thinking.

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: