Linear C to Greek: ni-ko-la-o-se to ni-ko-la-wo

· Linear C, Linear C Lexicon

LinC words
ni-ko-la-o-se | ni-ko-la-wo |

Greek words
νικόλαος | †νικολάω

ni-ko-la-o-se | †νικόλαος (nikolaos) | victorious soldiers

  • ni-ko | νῖκος (nikos) | victory
  • la-o-se | λαός (laos) | men, people; soldiers
  • la-o-se | λεώς (leos) (Attic) | men, people; soldiers
  • la-o-se | ληός (leos) (Ionic) | men, people; soldiers

ICS 439
νῖκος is a later form of νίκη (nike).
This grafitto is written on a wall at Karnak in Egypt and is generally dated to the fourth century BCE.  While Masson [1961:382] presumes the given name, Νικόλαος “Nicholas”, I believe that the definition points to general bragging after a successful campaign.  Research may easily reveal the historic context of this declaration.  Given the plural reference,  Νικόλαος most likely referred to a leader rather than to a common individual.  Cf.  ni-ko-la-wo.
10.16.16 * 11.27.16

ni-ko-la-wo | † νικολάω (nikolao) | to desire victory

  • ni-ko | νῖκος (nikos) | victory
  • la-wo | λάω (lao) | (1) to hold, to seize; (2) to look, to perceive; †to behold; (3) to desire, to wish
  • la-wo | λαώ (lao) (Attic) | to be among the people

ICS 214
νῖκος is a later form of νίκη (nike).
λάω = θέλω (thelo), Doric λῶ (lo) “to desire”.
This declaration is painted on a tomb vase that was found in Tamassos.  In context, two possible tranlations for ni-ko-la-wo e-mi are possible: †νικολάω ἐμίν “I desire victory” and †νικολάω ἠμί (Attic) “I declare victory”.  Cf. ni-ko-la-o-se.

Log ins are not required to post comments. However, since your words may be quoted in scholarly articles, this forum requires that professional names be used to post comments. Please click "Edit/Change" to include credentials after your name. For example, you may say "Mary A. Smith: Harvard University, Associate Professor of Geography" or "John Jones: Independent Scholar, Historical Linguistics" or "Independent Scholar, General." Moreover, to promote scholarly excellence, this forum reserves the right to edit for clarity. Clear writing complements clear thinking.

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: