o | o-lo-pi-o | o-pe-le-ta-u | o-te | o-u-ki-ta-le-sa
† ὅλοπῖο | †ὁπλιτέυ | ὁπλιτεύω | ὅτε | οὐ | † ουκιτέλεσα | ὠφελητέον |
o* | οὐ | the negative of fact and statement
οὐ = Ionic οὐκί, οὐχί.
The evolution from οὐκί and οὐχί to οὐ is apparent in LB words o-u-ki-te-mi and o-u-te-mi [KN V 280]. However, at both Knossos and Pylos, the alternate LB o-u-qe occurs with greater frequency as an independent word. Cf. also o-u-ki-ta-le-sa > † ουκιτέλεσα “noncompletion, nonfulfillment” [ICS 306].
The proclitic o* may tentatively be characterized as ο-privative, perhaps the progenitor of α-privative, a prefix that expresses absence or negation in words such as apathy “without passion”. Cf. the Doric and the Aeolic alternation of short /α/ into /o/.
o-lo-pi-o* | † ὅλοπῖο | “wholly fat (i.e. very rich) (IGN)
- o-lo | ὅλο(ς) (holos) | all; entire, whole
- pi-o | πῖο(ν) (pion) | fat, rich milk
- pi-o | πῖο(ς) (pios) | rich, wealthy
o-lo-pi-o is found in o-lo-pi-o*e-mi > ὅλοπῖοἐμί “wholly fat (i.e. very rich), I am”, a single-word epitaph on a stone. Cf. LB pi-ja-se-me > πίασμα (piasma) “that which makes fat”.
o-pe-le-ta-u | †ὁπλιτέυ (opleteu) | †of a Hoplite
o-pe-le-ta-u | ὁπλιτεύ(ω) (hopliteuo) | to serve as a man at arms
o-pe-le-ta-u | ὠφελητέο(ν) (opeleteon) | one must serve
Cf. ὠφελητέος (opeleteos) “proper to be assisted or served”. Cf. also ὁπλίτης (hoplites) “a heavily armed foot soldier”, which is derived from ὅπλον (hoplon) “implement, tool”. In Attica, a hoplon was a large shield. The ὁπλῖται (hoplitai) or Ὅπλητες (Hoplites) have been identified as foot soldiers of the Athenian army. o-pe-le-ta-u is the single inscription on a bronze spit, which may have served as both a weapon and a convenient cooking implement.
o-te | ὅτε (hote) | when
o-u-ki-ta-le-sa | † ουκιτέλεσα (oukitelesa) | non-completion, non-fulfillment
- o-u-ki | οὐκί (Ionic) | not
- o-u-ki | οὐχί (oukhi | not
- ta-le-sa | τέλεσα (telesa) | completion, fulfillment
- ta-le-sa | τέλεσσα (telessa) (Epic) | completion, fulfillment
οὐκί, οὐχί = οὐ; see o*.
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